These grapes were harvested at optimum phenolic ripeness. Grapes for this wine comes from 45 year old bush vines and 25 year old trellised vines. Fermented in 1 ton open fermenters for 4 days at 26-28?C. Punch through and pumped over every 3 hours. 100% MLF completed spontaneously in 225L French oak barrels. 16 months wood maturation in 40% new 225L French oak barrels.